At Visions Treatment Centers, teen schizotypal personality disorder treatment plans are individually tailored therapy programs, tackling erroneous or harmful thinking, and helping teens distinguish between “odd” or unusual thoughts, and other thoughts. If an adolescent is uncomfortable in social situations, a big part of teen schizotypal personality disorder treatment will focus on improving basic social skills and tackling anxiety.

Schizotypal personality disorder is an eccentric personality disorder characterized by odd or unconventional thinking. Schizotypal personality disorder is more common in families with a history of schizophrenia. However, while schizotypal personality disorder can include episodes of psychosis and complex delusions, these aren’t common. Teen schizotypal personality disorder may have inappropriate thoughts and may misinterpret how events around them are related to them.

These include “ideas of reference”, or the concept of unrelated events being in some way connected to oneself. This includes being susceptible to conspiracy theories. They often struggle with intense social anxiety and isolating emotions. They tend to be distrustful of others, and likely to believe in odd or magical concepts, including a strong predisposition towards superstitious thinking, or psychic beliefs.

Recognizing Teen Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Teens diagnosed with schizotypal personality disorder will usually prefer to be alone. They may show social anxiety, and have a hard time connecting with others. They may seem distrusting and suspicious of other people or spin paranoid ideas. Symptoms and signs of teen schizotypal personality disorder include:

  • Vague/rambling speech
  • Strange and atypical beliefs
  • Pattern of superstitious thinking
  • Linking unrelated events together
  • Inappropriate responses in social settings
  • Social anxiety and trouble with relationships
  • Paranoia and lack of close friends


Teens with schizotypal personality disorder may be more susceptible to other personality disorders or schizophrenia, as a result of their genes and are more likely to develop a form of social or generalized anxiety, and/or a mood disorder (such as depression). At Visions Treatment Centers, we rely on a thorough initial assessment process to determine a teen’s symptoms and develop an appropriate teen schizotypal personality disorder treatment plan. Every case is unique, and our teen schizotypal personality disorder treatment approach always tackles the individual rather than just the disorder.

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Teen Schizotypal Personality Disorder Treatment

Ten schizotypal personality disorder treatment options are limited. Research shows psychotherapy can be effective, but it’s not a straightforward treatment – among teens who show distrust of others, trying to establish a useful interpersonal relationship between therapist and patient can be staggeringly difficult, while individuals who are more open to relationships are still prone to misinterpreting certain parts of the treatment process. At Visions, we coordinate with parents and specialists to carefully determine a treatment path proving most effective for your teen’s specific needs. Potential therapeutic avenues include:

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavior therapy is centered around identifying aberrant or harmful thoughts and learning to isolate and replace them. Many exercises in cognitive behavioral therapy are centered on learning to identify and isolate the disorder. This way, teens can continue to catch when their disordered thinking may be influencing their behavior, and they become more aware of how it’s affecting their interactions with others.

Family Therapy

Family therapy may involve going into sessions with family members and learning more about the disorder together, as well as ways to manage symptoms at home and outside of treatment. This type of therapy might not always work, but in cases where it does it can further serve to help strengthen bonds between family members.

Social Skills Training

When dealing with symptoms of social anxiety and fear of attachment, a therapist can help a teen learn to develop the necessary social skills to engage with people interpersonally and form meaningful connections.

Medication

There is no medication addressing schizotypal symptoms themselves, but some medication may help in cases where a teen is displaying cooccurring symptoms disrupting treatment or cause other harmful or destructive thoughts.

Schizotypal disorder is typically a lifelong disorder, as with most personality disorders. However, symptoms can be managed if a teen can learn to distinguish between the hallmarks of the disorder and their regular thought processes. At Visions, we work with parents to help coordinate continuing care for teens.