Teenage anxiety treatment – as with any adolescent emotional disturbance – usually requires a combination of interventions. Teen anxiety disorders do not refer to normal feelings of fear or worry. Anxiety disorders involves are a series of psychiatric conditions that feature irrational and uncontrollable fears, from specific phobias to panic attacks, social anxieties, post-traumatic stress, and more.
Generalized anxiety and social anxiety disorders are the two most common, with an estimated lifetime prevalence among children and adolescents ranging from 15 to 20 percent. Agoraphobia and panic disorders are less frequent. The mechanisms behind why teenage anxiety occurs is not completely understood.
Most research points towards a mix of both nature and nurture – anxiety disorders are at least partially hereditary, and certain environmental factors can exacerbate them and lead to early onset, including chronic or severe stress, a traumatic experience, substance use, and more.